Stimulation of RAW 264.7 cells with the Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin increased histamine production. Immunoblot analyses revealed that thapsigargin increased the expression of 74-kDa histidine decarboxylase protein although rat mast cell line RBL-2H3 cells express both 74- and 53-kDa histidine decarboxylase proteins. The inhibition of histamine production by the mitogen-activated protein kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitors PD98059 (2′-amino-3′-methoxyflavone) and U0126 (1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4-bis(2-aminophenylthio)butadiene) and by the p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitor SB203580 (4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)1H-imidazole) was correlated with the inhibition of the expression of thapsigargin-induced 74-kDa histidine decarboxylase protein. The synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone inhibited thapsigargin-induced histamine production and 74-kDa histidine decarboxylase protein expression. The thapsigargin-induced activation of p42/p44 MAP kinase and p38 MAP kinase was also inhibited by dexamethasone. These findings indicate that the induction of histamine production by thapsigargin in RAW 264.7 cells is due to the increased expression of 74-kDa histidine decarboxylase protein and that dexamethasone inhibits thapsigargin-induced histidine decarboxylase protein expression and histamine production via inhibition of MAP kinase activation.
- Histidine decarboxylase
- MAP (mitogen-activated protein) kinase
- RAW 264.7 cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas