Expression, but lack of calcium mobilization by high-affinity IgE Fcε receptor I on human epidermal and dermal Langerhans cells

A. Shibaki, A. Ohkawara, S. Shimada, C. Ra, S. Aiba, K. D. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In atopic dermatitis (AD) patients, IgE molecules are demonstrated on the surface of Langerhans cells (LC). FcεRI molecules, which are present on the surface of LC in AD patients as well as normal individuals, are responsible for this binding. In this study, we have investigated phenotypic and functional characteristics of FcεRI on epidermal and dermal cell populations. Epidermal and dermal cell suspensions were prepared enzymatically with dispase followed by either trypsin or collagenase treatment, respectively. Peripheral blood basophils were negatively selected by excluding other leukocytes with surface marker staining. Consistent with previous reports, both peripheral blood basophils and epidermal LC were positively stained with anti FcεRI monoclonal antibody. In addition, an FcεRI positive population was demonstrated among dermal HLA-DR positive cells. These cells express significant amounts of HLA-DR molecules (DR(Hi)) and co-express CD1a molecules, which identifies them as LC-like dendritic APC of the dermis. No other FcεRI positive population was found in the other dermal DR(Mid) or DR- populations, except for a minor DR(Lo) population, presumably mast cells. To analyze whether these FcεRI molecules are signal transducing for LC, intracellular calcium mobilization after crosslinking of FcεRI was measured with flow cytometry. Following crosslinking, peripheral blood basophils clearly increased intracellular calcium. On the other hand, neither normal epidermal LC nor dermal DR(Hi)CD1a+ cells changed their intracellular calcium level after FcεRI crosslinking. These data indicate that normal epidermal and dermal LC, but not basophils, are resistant to calcium flux following FcεRI engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Dermatology
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • FcεRI
  • Langerhans cells
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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