Lipophilic environmental pollutants are often stored in adipose tissues after exposure. These compounds have been well studied in terms of their cell toxicity in organs such as liver and kidney, and their xenoestrogenic action on reproductive tissues as endocrine disruptors. However, the effects of these chemicals on the depot, adipose tissue, have not been studied, although adipose tissue is an important endocrine tissue secreting obesity/diabetes-related hormones and cytokines. In this study, we identified the expression of cytochromes P450 in rat white adipose tissues and investigated the effects of typical lipophilic cytochrome P450 inducers, namely phenobarbital, dexamethasone, and β-naphthoflavone. The results showed that β-naphthoflavone was a strong CYP1A inducer in adipose tissue as well as in liver. It increased CYP1A1 mRNA, protein, and its related activity, ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase. Phenobarbital and dexamethasone also induced both the mRNA and protein of CYP2Bs and CYPSAs, respectively, in adipose tissue, although significant interindividual differences were observed. Furthermore, we demonstrated that 48 h of fasting was as effective in adipose tissue as in the liver in the induction of CYP2E1 mRNA and protein. These results suggest that the mechanisms by which cytochrome P450 genes are regulated in the liver are also functional in rat adipose tissues. This has raised the possibility that lipophilic environmental contaminants accumulated in adipose tissue may dysregulate the gene expression profile.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Oct|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine