Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) with 129M/M, and iatrogenic and familial CJD with E200K and M232R, showed similar clinicopathologic features, a synaptic type deposition of PrP(CJD)), and high transmission frequencies to mice. Sporadic patients with 129M/V or 129V/V, and mutation cases with V180I, showed slightly different features and low or null transmission frequencies to mice. Hereditary cases with P102L, P105L, A117V, Y145stop, and insertions had different features but all demonstrated a long clinical duration and the presence of PrP plaques. The experimental transmission to mice of these mutant forms was difficult, except for one-third of the cases with P102L. CJD and related diseases, even those that are hereditary, may thus be divided into two different groups, those that are easily transmissible and those that are either difficult to transmit or nontransmissible.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology