Three-dimensional (3D) fin-channel charge trapping (CT) flash memories with different gate materials of physical-vapor-deposited (PVD) titanium nitride (TiN) and n+-polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) have successfully been fabricated by using (100)-oriented silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers and orientation-dependent wet etching. Electrical characteristics of the fabricated flash memories including statistical threshold voltage (Vt) variability, endurance, and data retention have been comparatively investigated. It was experimentally found that a larger memory window and a deeper erase are obtained in PVD-TiN-gated metal-oxide-nitride-oxide-silicon (MONOS)-type flash memories than in poly-Si-gated poly-Si-oxide- nitride-oxide-silicon (SONOS)-type memories. The larger memory window and deeper erase of MONOS-type flash memories are contributed by the higher work function of the PVD-TiN metal gate than of the n+-poly-Si gate, which is effective for suppressing electron back tunneling during erase operation. It was also found that the initial Vt roll-off due to the short-channel effect (SCE) is directly related to the memory window roll-off when the gate length (Lg) is scaled down to 46 nm or less.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)