Experimental study of bone morphogenetic proteins-2 slow release from an artificial trachea made of biodegradable materials: Evaluation of stenting time

Yasumichi Yamamoto, Taku Okamoto, Masashi Goto, Hiroyasu Yokomise, Masaya Yamamoto, Yasuhiko Tabata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We manufactured an artificial trachea that slowly releases bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and used it to replace a section of the canine trachea. We made a three-layered prosthesis composed of an outer layer of gelatin sponge, a middle layer of collagen sponge, and an inner silicone tube. BMP-2 solution was soaked into the gelatin sponge layer. An approximately 3 cm length of the canine trachea was resected, and the artificial trachea was inserted into the resulting gap and anastomosed. The implanted portion was covered by periosteum. At 2, 4, and 8 weeks after surgery, the inner silicone tube was removed. Soon after removal of the silicone tube at 2 and 4 weeks, the dogs died of choking because of collapse of the trachea. One dog whose silicone tube was removed at 8 weeks was able to survive without choking. At 6 months after removal of the silicone tube, the bronchoscopic findings revealed that the gap in the trachea had been closed by regenerated tissue and covered by mucosa. We have demonstrated that our artificial trachea slowly releasing BMP-2 requires at least 8 weeks to achieve regeneration of solid tissue to support the tracheal gap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-536
Number of pages4
JournalASAIO Journal
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Sep
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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