Experimental Observation of Long-Range Magnetic Order in Icosahedral Quasicrystals

Ryuji Tamura, Asuka Ishikawa, Shintaro Suzuki, Takahiro Kotajima, Yujiro Tanaka, Takehito Seki, Naoya Shibata, Tsunetomo Yamada, Takenori Fujii, Chin Wei Wang, Maxim Avdeev, Kazuhiro Nawa, Daisuke Okuyama, Taku J. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Quasicrystals (QCs), first discovered in 1984, generally do not exhibit long-range magnetic order. Here, we report on long-range magnetic order in the real icosahedral quasicrystals (i QCs) Au-Ga-Gd and Au-Ga-Tb. The Au65Ga20Gd15 i QC exhibits a ferromagnetic transition at TC = 23 K, manifested as a sharp anomaly in both magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements, along with an appearance of magnetic Bragg peak below TC. This is the first observation of long-range magnetic order in a real quasicrystal, in contrast to the spin-glass-like behaviors observed for the other magnetic quasicrystals found to date. Moreover, when Gd is replaced by Tb, i.e., for the Au65Ga20Tb15 i QC, a ferromagnetic behavior is still retained with TC = 16 K. Although the sharp anomaly in the specific heat observed for the Au65Ga20Gd15 i QC becomes broadened upon Tb substitution, neutron diffraction experiments clearly show marked development of magnetic Bragg peaks just below TC, indicating long-range magnetic order for the Au65Ga20Tb15 i QC also. Our findings can contribute to the further investigation of exotic magnetic orders formed on real quasiperiodic lattices with unprecedented highest global symmetry, i.e., icosahedral symmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19938-19944
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume143
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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