Experimental determination of the saturation polarization and the anisotropy field in ThMn12-type magnets using the LAFS method

T. Kuno, S. Suzuki, K. Urushibata, K. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The law of approach to ferromagnetic saturation (LAFS) method is required for the accurate measurement of the magnetic properties of magnetically isotropic materials. In this study, we examined the accuracy of the following two LAFS methods for determining the saturation polarization (Js) and anisotropy field (Ha) of isotropic magnets: (1) the method based on the relationship between polarization (J) and applied field (H; 1/H2); and (2) the method based on the relationship between susceptibility (dJ/dH) and 1/H3. We used an isotropic magnet prepared from a commercial ferrite magnet powder with well-known magnetic properties and low Ha as a standard magnet for evaluating the two LAFS methods. Then, we measured the Js and Ha values of our -Ti0.7 compounds with a ThMn12 structure, (Nd0.8Zr0.2)(Fe0.9Co0.1)11.3Ti0.7N1.5 and (Sm0.9Zr0.1)(Fe0.8Co0.2)11.3Ti0.7, including in the high-temperature region (>373 K), where the reduction of Ha was observed. Finding the adequate maximum magnetic fields, where the Js and Ha values obtained by the two LAFS methods agree well, is important for the proper application of the method to isotropic magnet samples. The results of the LAFS methods revealed that the Js values of the new compounds are similar at RT, but higher than that of the Nd2Fe14B phase in the high-temperature region. Because the -Ti0.7 compounds are almost α-(Fe,Co)-phase-free, their Ha values are also higher than that of Nd2Fe14B over the whole temperature region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number166114
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume498
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 15

Keywords

  • Law of approach to ferromagnetic saturation (LAFS)
  • Magnetic anisotropy field (H)
  • Saturation polarization (J)
  • Sufficient field for the LAFS method (H)
  • ThMn compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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