Experimental and numerical study on degradation behavior of coke with CO2 or H2O gasification reaction at high temperature

Yuya Ono, Yuka Fukuda, Yuya Sumitani, Yoshiya Matsukawa, Yasuhiro Saito, Yohsuke Matsushita, Hideyuki Aoki, Takahiro Shishido, Noriyuki Okuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coke undergoes gasification reactions of CO2 and H2O in the blast furnace, and the gasification reactions degrade the coke and affect the operation of the furnace. In this study, to evaluate the factors that govern the strength of coke in the furnace, the fracture behavior of coke under blast furnace conditions was examined both experimentally and numerically. The three-point bending test was performed on coke subjected to the gasification reaction under conditions similar to those inside a furnace. It was found that coke gasified with CO2 is more likely to fracture than that with H2O since the conversions at fracture of the samples gasified with CO2 and H2O were 0.71 and 0.78, respectively. X-ray computed tomography images of coke taken before and after the gasification reactions showed that increase rate of porosity was almost uniform from the central part to the external surface in the case of CO2 gasification reaction, while it increased from the sample center towards the external surface in the case of the H2O gasification reaction. In addition, the finite element analyses using an isotropic damage model were performed. As a result, the damage spread in the analytical object in which the pore structure after the CO2 gasification reaction was reflected, while the damage was localized in the analytical object in which the pore structure after the H2O gasification reaction was reflected. These results suggested that the difference in the spatial distribution of the porosity increase rate within the coke samples owing to the differences in the rate-limiting steps of the gasification reactions greatly affected the strength of the coke samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122061
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 1


  • Coke
  • Finite element method
  • Gasification
  • Isotropic damage model
  • Three-point bending test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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