Experimental and Numerical Study of NH3/CH4 Counterflow Premixed and Non-premixed Flames for Various NH3 Mixing Ratios

Sophie Colson, Yuta Hirano, Akihiro Hayakawa, Taku Kudo, Hideaki Kobayashi, Cédric Galizzi, Dany Escudié

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Ammonia is a promising sustainable fuel, however, its low reactivity creates challenges in industrial applications. In this study, ammonia/methane mixtures were considered for premixed and non-premixed counterflow flames. The extinction stretch rate was measured over a wide range of ammonia/methane mixing ratios and compared to 1D numerical results from four different mechanisms. Additionally, for counterflow premixed twin flames, quantitative analysis based on the comparison of experimental and numerical FWHM of OH and NO profiles was performed. Results showed that in premixed flames, all the mechanisms investigated were inadequate for predicting the extinction stretch rate, specifically for lean flames. In non-premixed flames, Okafor’s mechanism was accurately predicting the extinction stretch rate. For the FWHM analysis, the numerical mechanisms overpredicted both OH and NO apparition in the flame, except for Tian’s mechanism which underpredicted OH apparition. GRI Mech 3.0 performed well for small quantities of ammonia but failed to reproduce the pure ammonia case. Okafor’s and UCSD mechanisms gave better predictions of experimental trends, though overestimated both OH and NO apparition. In the FWHM analysis of both OH and NO, the lower R2 values in the lean region suggest that the lean region should be the focus for mechanism improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2872-2889
Number of pages18
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • CH
  • NH
  • PLIF
  • counterflow flames
  • extinction
  • flame stretch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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