Experimental and numerical study of cavitation breakdown in a centrifugal pump

Motohiko Nohmi, Yuka Iga, Akira Goto, Toshiaki Ikohagi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A low specific speed centrifugal pump was constructed to measure cavitation flow characteristics. Pressure distribution over blade surfaces and wall static pressure were measured dynamically and cavitation behavior were photographed by using high speed video and a digital camera. Cavitation flow inside the impeller was computed by commercial CFD code CFX-TASCflow. Head drop characteristics were measured in detail and compared to CFD results. In the case of the best efficiency point flow, bubble cavitation increases along the suction side while decreasing NPSH. When bubble cavitation reaches the throat, another cavity appears on pressure side and the head breakdown occurs steeply. At the high flow rate, cavitation bubbles appear incipiently at the throat on pressure side and head drops gradually. At best efficiency point flow, cavitation phenomena are well captured by CFD.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th ASME/JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 2, Part B, Symposia
EditorsA. Ogut, Y. Tsuji, M. Kawahashi, A. Ogut, Y. Tsuji, M. Kawahashi
Pages1251-1258
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec 1
Event4th ASME/JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 2003 Jul 62003 Jul 10

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME/JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
Volume2 B

Other

Other4th ASME/JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period03/7/603/7/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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