Experimental and numerical analyses on the deposition behavior of spherical aluminum particles in the cold-spray-emulated high-velocity impact process

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the deposition mechanism of fine solid particles is essential for the effective use of the cold spray (CS) technique, which is used to synthesize dense and thick metallic coatings. As such, in this study, the deposition behaviors of spherical pure aluminum particles were investigated in detail in order to understand the deposition mechanism; these particles had a diameter of 1 mm and were deposited on five metallic substrate materials, during the CS-emulated high-velocity impact process. A single particle impact testing system, which is a modified single-stage light gas gun, was used to evaluate the deposition process. This evaluation confirmed that the critical velocities of Al particles vary significantly with the substrate material. In order to identify the dominant factors, the bonding energies, rebound velocities, plastic deformation experienced by the particles and substrates, and removability of the natural oxide films were evaluated. The results revealed that the critical velocities increased significantly with increasing Ar sputtering time required for complete removal of the natural oxide film; this time represents the removability of the film. This result confirms that, of the factors considered, the removability of the natural oxide film exerts the most in uence on Al particle deposition on metallic substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-532
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cold spray
  • Critical velocity
  • Deposition mechanism
  • High-velocity impact process
  • Natural oxide film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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