Laser ablation has been employed as a therapeutic measure for chronic pulmonary emphysema. As yet, however, its effect is not understood on firm pathological basis. We aimed to study, both histopathologically and using Scanning Electric Micrscopy (SEM), the changes produced by irradiation with contact Neodymium-yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Nd: YAG laser) in rat lungs with experimentally induced emphysema. Emphysema was produced in 34 rats by instilling elastase via airways. Eight weeks after the instillation, the emphysematous left lung was irradiated under thoracotomy with contact Nd: YAG laser at a power of 5 watts. The animals were sacrificed in acute as well as chronic phase for histopathological observation of lung and scanning electron microscopy. Laser caused necrotic and inflammatory changes in the subpleural zone of lung. Immediately after irradiation, the alveolar septa were destroyed as visualized by SEM, only leaving the elastic skeleton. In a chronic phase, the necrotic zone was collapsed and replaced with a thick fibrous scar which seemed to serve more or less to keep the organ from being excessively inflated. In this model, irradiation induces subpleural dense scarring, which, by "encasing" an emphysematous lung, is expected to more or less normalize the excessive compliance.
- Experimental emphysema
- Laser ablation
- Scanning electron microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)