Expected performances of the NOMAD/ExoMars instrument

S. Robert, A. C. Vandaele, I. Thomas, Y. Willame, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, C. Depiesse, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, L. Neary, B. Ristic, J. Mason, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, J. Rodriguez-Gomez, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, M. Patel, M. Allen, F. Altieri, S. AokiD. Bolsée, T. Clancy, E. Cloutis, A. Fedorova, V. Formisano, B. Funke, D. Fussen, M. Garcia-Comas, A. Geminale, J. C. Gérard, D. Gillotay, M. Giuranna, F. Gonzalez-Galindo, N. Igna-Tiev, J. Kaminski, O. Karatekin, Y. Kasaba, F. Lefèvre, S. Lewis, M. López-Puertas, M. López-Valverde, A. Mahieux, J. McConnell, M. Mumma, R. Novak, E. Renotte, G. Sindoni, M. Smith, A. Trokhimovskiy, Auwera J. Vander, G. Villanueva, S. Viscardy, J. Whiteway, V. Wilquet, M. Wolff, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, B. Aparicio Del Moral, P. Barzin, A. Benmoussa, S. Berkenbosch, D. Biondi, S. Bonnewijn, G. Candini, R. Clairquin, J. Cubas, B. Giordanengo, S. Gissot, A. Gomez, J. J. Zafra, M. Leese, J. Maes, E. Mazy, A. Mazzoli, J. Meseguer, R. Morales, A. Orban, M. Pastor-Morales, I. Perez-Grande, B. Saggin, V. Samain, Andres A. Sanz, R. Sanz, J. F. Simar, T. Thibert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NOMAD (Nadir and Occultation for MArs Discovery) is one of the four instruments on board the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, scheduled for launch in March 2016. It consists of a suite of three high-resolution spectrometers - SO (Solar Occultation), LNO (Limb, Nadir and Occultation) and UVIS (Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrometer). Based upon the characteristics of the channels and the values of Signal-to-Noise Ratio obtained from radiometric models discussed in (Vandaele et al., 2015a, 2015b; Thomas et al., 2016), the expected performances of the instrument in terms of sensitivity to detection have been investigated. The analysis led to the determination of detection limits for 18 molecules, namely CO, H 2 O, HDO, C 2 H 2 , C 2 H 4 , C 2 H 6 , H 2 CO, CH 4 , SO 2 , H 2 S, HCl, HCN, HO 2 , NH 3 , N 2 O, NO 2 , OCS, O 3 . NOMAD should have the ability to measure methane concentrations < 25 parts per trillion (ppt) in solar occultation mode, and 11 parts per billion in nadir mode. Occultation detections as low as 10 ppt could be made if spectra are averaged (Drummond et al., 2011). Results have been obtained for all three channels in nadir and in solar occultation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-104
Number of pages11
JournalPlanetary and Space Science
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Keywords

  • Abundances
  • ExoMars ESA mission
  • Mars, atmosphere
  • NOMAD instrument
  • Radiative transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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