Exotic shapes of gold nanoparticles synthesized using plasma in aqueous solution

Junko Hieda, Nagahiro Saito, Osamu Takai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gold nanoparticles with exotic shapes, such as triangle, pentagon, and hexagon, have been synthesized by glow discharge in aqueous solutions. A pulsed power supply was used to generate discharges in the aqueous solutions. Pulse width and frequency were 2 μs and 15 kHz, respectively. Discharges were generated at applied voltages of 1600 and 3200 V. The shapes of the gold nanoparticles and electron diffraction patterns were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The nanoparticles obtained were about 20 nm in diameter. In particular, at the higher voltage of 3200 V, nanoparticles with anisotropic shapes were synthesized. In the initial stages of synthesis, diameter decreased with discharge time as the nanoparticles redissolved in the solution. After discharge for 25 min, nanoparticles with anisotropic shapes appeared. This discharge led to the generation of H2 O2 and a decrease in pH as a result of the consumption of OH radicals during the generation of H2 O2 and electron donation of H radicals to the solution. After the pH stopped decreasing, H radicals mainly reacted as a reducing agent. The decrease in pH allowed redissolution of the gold nanoparticles. The gold dust particles that were not completely dissolved acted as new seeds for nucleation. Thus, the two reaction steps, nucleation and nuclear growth, occur during the formation of gold nanoparticles with exotic shapes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-856
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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