Exosome secretion of dendritic cells is regulated by Hrs, an ESCRT-0 protein

Keiichi Tamai, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Takashi Nakano, Eiji Kakazu, Yasuteru Kondo, Jun Inoue, Masaaki Shiina, Koji Fukushima, Tomoaki Hoshino, Kouichi Sano, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Tooru Shimosegawa, Kazuo Sugamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exosomes are nanovesicles derived from multivesicular bodies (MVBs) in antigen-presenting cells. The components of the ESCRT (endosomal sorting complex required for transport) pathway are critical for the formation of MVBs, however the relationship between the ESCRT pathway and the secretion of exosomes remains unclear. We here demonstrate that Hrs, an ESCRT-0 protein, is required for fascilitating the secretion of exosomes in dendritic cells (DCs). Ultrastructural analyses showed typical saucer-shaped exosomes in the culture supernatant from both the control and Hrs-depleted DCs. However, the amount of exosome secretion was significantly decreased in Hrs-depleted DCs following stimulations with ovalbumin (OVA) as well as calcium ionophore. Antigen-presentation activity was also suppressed in exsosomes purified from Hrs-depleted DCs, while no alteration in OVA degradation was seen in Hrs-depleted DCs. These data indicated that Hrs is involved in the regulation of antigen-presentation activity through the exosome secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-390
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume399
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Dendritic cells
  • ESCRT
  • Exosomes
  • Hrs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exosome secretion of dendritic cells is regulated by Hrs, an ESCRT-0 protein'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Tamai, K., Tanaka, N., Nakano, T., Kakazu, E., Kondo, Y., Inoue, J., Shiina, M., Fukushima, K., Hoshino, T., Sano, K., Ueno, Y., Shimosegawa, T., & Sugamura, K. (2010). Exosome secretion of dendritic cells is regulated by Hrs, an ESCRT-0 protein. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 399(3), 384-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.07.083