Exchange bias characteristics in specular spin valve system with embedded (Co-Fe)/Cr nano-oxide-layer in pinned ferromagnetic layer

M. Sahashi, K. Sawada, H. Endo, M. Doi, N. Hasegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The insertion of a nano-oxide-layer (NOL) into a spin valve system is well known to be very effective in enhancing the magnetoresistance ratio at both of current-in-plane (CIF) and current-perpendicular-to-plane (CPP) geometries. Recently, a clear NOL pinning assist effect is reported to be observed in the low temperature range below ∼150 K by using the magnetic field cooling method from room temperature (R.T.) in the Co0.9Fe0.1 pin-NOL, wherein the NaCl-type CoO-FeO antiferromagnetic component exists. In this paper, the NOL pinning assist effect in a specular spin valve system with (Co-Fe)/Cr pin-NOL is presented. An ultra-thin Cr layer deposit on the Co-Fe layer before oxidation leads to increase the exchange bias field still more with the increment of the blocking temperature (TB) of the (Co-Fe)-NOL biasing in the low temperature range below R.T. and to fully exploit the superior pinning properties of the metallic antiferromagnet (Ir-Mn) at R.T. in the Co-rich region. The effect of ultra-thin Cr layer on the NOL exchange bias is considered from the aspect of the complicated oxide formation and its magnetism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3668-3670
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Exchange bias
  • Nano-oxide layer
  • Oxide magnetism
  • Specular reflection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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