Examination of heating and cooling function in nasal cavity that applies heat conduction model to inner wall

Masahiro Watanabe, Yuji Horiuchi, Toshio Nakayama, Shigeru Ishikawa, Teruo Matsuzawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Heating is a main function of a nose. The most important contribution to this function is made by the upper respiratory tract before the air reaches the laryngotracheal region [1]. The examination of the temperature distribution in the nasal cavity by the measurement and numerical analysis was done in previous research [1-3]. However, accurate measurement of the temperature distribution in nasal cavity is technically difficult, and there isn't the research of numerical simulation about the distribution of the temperature on the wall including the inflow temperature influence. In this study, we set the temperature condition in inner wall, and we used the heat conduction model to inner wall. The heat source is a blood that surrounds the nasal cavity. It exists in the nasal cavity wall. The temperature distribution inside the nasal cavity or on the surface of the boundary wall was examined. Moreover, the nasal cavity shape was restructured with the medical CT images of the volunteer. So far, we have examined the flow in the nasal cavity according to the nasal cavity shape restructured with the CT images [4], In result, we showed that air was heated enough by the temperature of wall and the result by the heat conduction model showed a good agreement with the measurement result of the research of Keck [1]. In addition, because flow velocity was different with the right and left nasal cavity, the temperature distribution of a right and left nasal cavity was different. Moreover, the flow profile and the temperature distribution depended on each volunteer's shape and were different.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2007 Proceedings of the 5th Joint ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, FEDSM 2007
Pages759-762
Number of pages4
EditionPART A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1
Event2007 5th Joint ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, FEDSM 2007 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2007 Jul 302007 Aug 2

Publication series

Name2007 Proceedings of the 5th Joint ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, FEDSM 2007
NumberPART A
Volume2 FORA

Other

Other2007 5th Joint ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, FEDSM 2007
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period07/7/3007/8/2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Watanabe, M., Horiuchi, Y., Nakayama, T., Ishikawa, S., & Matsuzawa, T. (2007). Examination of heating and cooling function in nasal cavity that applies heat conduction model to inner wall. In 2007 Proceedings of the 5th Joint ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, FEDSM 2007 (PART A ed., pp. 759-762). (2007 Proceedings of the 5th Joint ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, FEDSM 2007; Vol. 2 FORA, No. PART A). https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2007-37601