Evolution of Elliptical Galaxies at z ≳ 1 Revealed from a Large, Multicolor Sample of Extremely Red Objects

Masayuki Miyazaki, Kazuhiro Shimasaku, Tadayuki Kodama, Sadanori Okamura, Hisanori Furusawa, Masami Ouchi, Fumiaki Nakata, Mamoru Doi, Masaru Hamabe, Masahiko Kimura, Yutaka Komiyama, Satoshi Miyazaki, Chie Nagashima, Tetsuya Nagata, Takahiro Nagayama, Yasushi Nakajima, Hidehiko Nakaya, Andrew J. Pickles, Shuji Sato, Kazuhiro SekiguchiMaki Sekiguchi, Koji Sugitani, Tadafumi Takata, Motohide Tamura, Masafumi Yagi, Naoki Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


We studied the evolution of elliptical galaxies at z ≳ 1 using a sample of 247 Extremely Red Objects (EROs) with R - Ks ≥ 3.35 (AB) and Ks ≤ 22.1 (AB) constructed from B V R i′ z′ J H Ks multicolor data of a 114 arcmin2 area in the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field taken with the Subaru Telescope and the UH 2.2 m telescope. By fitting template spectra of old galaxies (OGs) and young, dusty starbursts (DSs) to the multicolor data, we classified EROs into these two classes and estimated their redshifts. We found that 58% of the EROs in our sample belong to the OG class and that these OGs have a wide range of colors at any redshift. We derived rest-frame B-band luminosity functions of OGs in our sample at z = 1-1.5 and 1.5-2.5, and found that the number density of galaxies obeying passive evolution drops at z ≳ 1.5 by a factor of three or more. The spatial correlation length of OGs is estimated to be r0 ≳ 8 h-1 Mpc, which is comparable to, or larger than, those of present-day early-type galaxies of similar luminosities. We also discussed properties of DSs in our data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079-1103
Number of pages25
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: photometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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