EVOLUTION of DWARF SPHEROIDAL SATELLITES in the COMMON SURFACE-DENSITY DARK HALOS

Yusuke Okayasu, Masashi Chiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the growth histories of dark matter halos associated with dwarf satellites in Local Group galaxies and the resultant evolution of the baryonic component. Our model is based on the recently proposed property that the mean surface density of a dark halo inside a radius at maximum circular velocity Vmax is universal over a large range of Vmax. Given that a surface density of 20 Ṁpc-2 well explains dwarf satellites in the Milky Way and Andromeda, we find that the evolution of the dark halo in this common surface-density scale is characterized by the rapid increase of the halo mass assembled by the redshift zTT of the tidal truncation by its host halo, at early epochs of zTT≳ 6 or Vmax ≲ 22 km s-1. This mass growth of the halo is slow at lower zTT or larger Vmax. Taking into account the baryon content in this dark halo evolution, under the influence of the ionizing background radiation, we find that the dwarf satellites are divided into roughly two families: those with Vmax ≲ 22 km s-1 having high star formation efficiency and those with larger Vmax having less efficient star formation. This semianalytical model is in agreement with the high-resolution numerical simulation for galaxy formation and with the observed star formation histories for Fornax and Leo II. This suggests that the evolution of a dark halo may play a key role in understanding star formation histories in dwarf satellites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume827
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 20

Keywords

  • Local Group
  • dark matter
  • galaxies: dwarf
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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