Evolution of atomic and electronic structure of Pt clusters: Planar, layered, pyramidal, cage, cubic, and octahedral growth

Vijay Kumar, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

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159 Citations (Scopus)


Ab initio calculations on Pt clusters having diameters of up to about 3 nm show planar, layered, pyramidal, cage, simple cubic, and octahedral growth. Planar structures are preferred up to Pt9, while layered and pyramidal structures are favored in the range of Ptn, where n=10-20. In some cases, simple cubic and octahedral isomers become competitive with layered growth, or they have the lowest energy. Between n=21 and 24, decahedral isomers are most favorable with a decahedral (empty center) cage for Pt22. Around n=24, there is again a transition and simple cubic structures become most favorable up to around n=38. Beyond this size, our results suggest octahedral isomers to be most favorable among the different growth modes explored by us, such as simple cubic, cuboctahedral, decahedral, and icosahedral. To our knowledge, platinum clusters are the first example of transition metal clusters that grow in bulk structure from a relatively small size range of n∼40 and for which a transition to commonly found closed packed icosahedral growth is unlikely. We find that a triangular isomer of Pt6 and a square planar isomer of Pt9 play the key role in the growth behavior and the formation of magic clusters of Pt that are rich in such triangular and/or square faces. Our results show that clusters with n=6, 9, 10, 14, 18, 22, 27, and 36 with complete atomic shells are magic and are relatively more stable. In most cases, the clusters are weakly ferromagnetic. However, in some cases, a mixed ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic coupling is obtained, such as that for Pt6. The magnetic moments decrease with an oscillatory behavior as the size increases. The electronic structure of large octahedral clusters with n∼200 having (111) type faces develops similarity to bulk Pt (111) surface, but significant deviations exist that could lead to their different and size dependent behavior for reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number205418
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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