The Asian brush-clawed shore crab Hemigrapsus takanoi is a non-indigenous species along the Northern European coast. Although the history of range expansion of European H. takanoi has been well-documented, little is known about the genetic compositions of either the introduced European populations or the native Asian ones. We therefore collected H. takanoi broadly from their native Asian sites and introduced European ranges, and genotyped them by sequencing the mitochondrial 16S RNA gene and by analyzing nuclear microsatellite loci. Our results revealed that the H. takanoi Bay of Seine (France) populations consisted of a genetic admixture between populations in Japan and those in the Yellow Sea region. These French populations should be carefully monitored in the future, since the genetic admixture of multiple source populations may accelerate range expansion in non-indigenous organisms. Our results also suggested that shipping lines from East Asia were more probable vectors than historical juvenile oyster transportations from Japan for the foundation of present European H. takanoi populations. Interestingly, gene flow between populations in Japan and those in the Yellow Sea region (i.e., domestic invasion) was not observed despite the higher potential for artificial translocations via shipping lines in the native Asian range compared with those from Asia to Europe. The lack of domestic invasions implied that intra-specific priority effects of the resident H. takanoi populations played an important role in preventing the successful colonization of artificially-transferred individuals.
- Genetic admixture
- Intra-specific priority effects
- Multiple introductions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics