Accurate charge-density distributions of cubic and tetragonal PbTiO3 and BaTiO3 have been obtained by the MEM(maximum entropy method)/Rietveld analysis using synchrotron-radiation powder data. The Pb-O bonds in tetragonal PbTiO3 show rather strong covalency, while those in cubic PbTiO3 are ionic. This is the clear evidence of the Pb-O hybridization in tetragonal PbTiO3, which has been theoretically predicted as a key factor of much larger ferroelectricity of this substance than that of BaTiO3. Tetragonal PbTiO3 forms a layered structure of a two-dimensional covalent-bonding network consisting of the Ti−O5 pyramid.
|Journal||Physical review letters|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Nov 19|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)