Recent discovery of both gapped and gapless topological phases in weakly correlated electron systems has introduced various relativistic particles and a number of exotic phenomena in condensed matter physics 1-5. The Weyl fermion6-8is a prominent example of three dimensional (3D), gapless topological excitation, which has been experimentally identified in inversion symmetry breaking semimetals 4,5. However, their realization in spontaneously time reversal symmetry (TRS) breaking magnetically ordered states of correlated materials has so far remained hypothetical 7, 9, 10. Here, we report a set of experimental evidence for elusive magneticWeyl fermions inMn3Sn, a non-collinear antiferromagnet that exhibits a large anomalous Hall effect even at room temperature 11. Detailed comparison between our angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements and density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveals significant bandwidth renormalization and damping effects due to the strong correlation among Mn 3d electrons. Moreover, our transport measurements have unveiled strong evidence for the chiral anomaly of Weyl fermions, namely, the emergence of positive magnetoconductance only in the presence of parallel electric and magnetic fields. The magneticWeyl fermions of Mn3Sn have a significant technological potential, since a weak field (∼ 10 mT) is adequate for controlling the distribution of Weyl points and the large fictitious field (∼ a few 100 T) in the momentum space. Our discovery thus lays the foundation for a new field of science and technology involving the magnetic Weyl excitations of strongly correlated electron systems.
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Oct 17|
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