Evidence for fractional crystallization of wadsleyite and ringwoodite from olivine melts in chondrules entrained in shock-melt veins

Masaaki Miyahara, Ahmed El Goresy, Eiji Ohtani, Toshiro Nagase, Masahiko Nishijima, Zahra Vashaei, Tristan Ferroir, Philippe Gillet, Leonid Dubrovinsky, Alexandre Simionovici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peace River is one of the few shocked members of the L-chondrites clan that contains both high-pressure polymorphs of olivine, ringwoodite and wadsleyite, in diverse textures and settings in fragments entrained in shock-melt veins. Among these settings are complete olivine porphyritic chondrules. We encountered few squeezed and flattened olivine porphyritic chondrules entrained in shock-melt veins of this meteorite with novel textures and composition. The former chemically unzoned (Fa24-26) olivine porphyritic crystals are heavily flattened and display a concentric inter-growth with Mg-rich wadsleyite of a very narrow compositional range (Fa6-Fa10) in the core. Wadsleyite core is surrounded by a Mg-poor and chemically stark zoned ringwoodite (Fa28-Fa38) belt. The wadsleyite-ringwoodite interface denotes a compositional gap of up to 32 mol % fayalite. A transmission electron microscopy study of focused ion beam slices in both regions indicates that the wadsleyite core and ringwoodite belt consist of granoblastic-like intergrowth of polygonal crystallites of both ringwoodite and wadsleyite, with wadsleyite crystallites dominating in the core and ringwoodite crystallites dominating in the belt. Texture and compositions of both high-pressure polymorphs are strongly suggestive of formation by a fractional crystallization of the olivine melt of a narrow composition (Fa24-26). starting with Mg-rich wadsleyite followed by the Mg-poor ringwoodite from a shock-induced melt of olivine composition (Fa24-26). Our findings could erase the possibility of the resulting unrealistic time scales of the high-pressure regime reported recently from other shocked L-6 chondrites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8542-8547
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume105
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 24

Keywords

  • Focused ion beam
  • High-pressure mineral
  • Shocked chondrite
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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