Evaluation of water stress in soybean based on the difference in canopy temperature between soybean and rice

Koki Homma, Tatsuhiko Shiraiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In order to evaluate water stress in soybean grown in farmer paddy fields in Japan, we developed a water stress index simplified by incorporating canopy temperature of rice into a heat budget equation on the soybean canopy. For the simplification, we assumed that: (1) the aerodynamic resistances in soybean and rice canopies are the same and (2) the canopy resistance of rice does not differ among fields. Based on these assumptions, we expressed the evaporation rate of soybean against that of rice (1-ES/ER) as a simple function of the difference in temperature between soybean and rice canopies and gradient of vapor pressure between rice canopy and air. Numerical analysis suggested that estimation error of 1-ES/ER is relatively small. Measurement of water stress in soybean in farmer's fields indicated that variation of 1-ES/ER among measured occasions was small, and that 1-ES/ER was a good index of water stress comparable to the Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI). These results indicated that this method could be used to evaluate water stress in soybean in farmer paddy fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-394
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Crop Science
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Aerodynamic resistance
  • Canopy resistance
  • Heat budget equation
  • Remote-sensing
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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