Evaluation of the treatment modalities for neurosensory disturbances of the inferior alveolar nerve following retromolar bone harvesting for bone augmentation

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subjects: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment modalities for neurosensory disturbances (NSDs) of the inferior alveolar nerve occurring after retromolar bone harvesting for bone augmentation procedures before implant placement. Methods: One hundred four patients, of which 49 and 55 exhibited vertical or horizontal alveolar ridge defects in the mandible and maxilla, respectively, were enrolled. Nineteen patients underwent block bone grafting, 38 underwent guided bone generation or autogenous bone grafting combined with titanium mesh reconstruction, and 47 underwent sinus floor augmentation. Using a visual analog scale, we examined subjective symptoms and discomfort related to sensory alteration within the area of the NSDs in these patients. NSDs were clinically investigated using a two-point discrimination test with blunt-tipped calipers. In addition, neurometry was used for evaluation of trigeminal nerve injury. We tested three treatment modalities for NSDs: follow-up observation (no treatment), medication, and stellate ganglion block (SGB). Results: A week after surgery, 26 patients (25.0%) experienced NSDs. Five patients received no treatment, 10 patients received medication, and 11 patients received SGB. Three months after surgery, patients in the medication and SGB group achieved complete recovery. Current perception threshold values recovered to near-baseline values at 3 months: recovery was much earlier in this group than in the other two groups. SGB can accelerate recovery from NSDs. Conclusions: Our results justify SGB as a reasonable treatment modality for NSDs occurring after the harvesting of retromolar bone grafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-512
Number of pages12
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Inferior alveolar nerve
  • Neurosensory disturbances
  • Stellate ganglion block

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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