Evaluation of the difference in body composition of thai native cattle and swamp buffaloes from that of Holstein cattle in Northeast Thailand using urea space

Itoko Nonaka, Arata Koga, Masaharu Odai, Rumphrai Narmsliee, Fuminori Terada

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Four female Holstein cattle (Holstein, average body weight (BW) 359 kg), four castrated male native cattle (Native, 257 kg) and four castrated male swamp buffaloes (Buffalo, 543 kg) were subjected to urea space measurements to determine body composition of the different animals and to investigate the effect of 48 h of water deprivation on the change of body composition in Northeast Thailand. The percentage of empty body protein (EBPRO) compared to empty body weight (EBW) was similar among Holstein, Native and Buffalo. The percentage of empty body water (EBH2O) was the highest in Native, while the percentage of empty body fat (EBFAT) was the highest in Buffalo. After the dehydration, mean BW decreased in Holstein, Native and Buffalo, and not only water but also protein and fat were mobilized. The percentage of EBPRO was similar among Holstein, Native and Buffalo; however, the percentage of EBFAT was the highest in Buffalo and the percentage of EBH2O was the highest in Native. After dehydration, the percentage of EBFAT decreased and the percentage of EBH2O increased in all animals.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)387-391
    Number of pages5
    JournalJapan Agricultural Research Quarterly
    Volume40
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct

    Keywords

    • Dehydration

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Ecology
    • Animal Science and Zoology
    • Agronomy and Crop Science

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