Evaluation of steady noise from a multi-dimensional point of view

H. Takeshima, Y. Suzuki, T. Sone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the results of a study aimed at establishing a method of multi-dimensional noise evaluation. A description of the total negative impression of noise is obtained through subjective experiments with steady and almost steady sounds. The authors tried to determine Japanese descriptive adjectives independent of "ookii" (loud) in order to assess the total negative impression of noise. To do this, the authors introduced "degree of absolute noisiness" for evaluation of noise and measured it directly. Major conclusions are as follows: (1) at least two dimensions are needed to describe the total negative impression of noise; (2) one of the two dimensions is highly correlated with the Japanese adjective which means loud, and the other axis is correlated with the Japanese descriptive adjectives meaning harsh and unpleasant; (3) the scale "loud" correlates well with Zwicker's loudness and the scale "harsh" correlates highly with Bismarck's sharpness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-528
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Dec 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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