Evaluation of scintillating-fiber detector response for 14 MeV neutron measurement

N. Pu, T. Nishitani, M. Isobe, K. Ogawa, S. Matsuyama, M. Miwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A scintillating-fiber (Sci-Fi) detector has been employed to measure 14 MeV neutrons for the triton burnup study in the first deuterium plasma campaign of the Large Helical Device (LHD). The pulse-height spectra of the Sci-Fi detector are used to choose a suitable threshold for the discrimination of 14 MeV neutrons from a mix-radiation field of low-energy neutrons and gamma-rays. The measured pulse-height spectra of the Sci-Fi detector have two components with different decay slopes from the LHD experiment. To study the pulse-height property of the Sci-Fi detector, the pulse-height spectra on different energy neutrons have been measured by using the accelerator-based neutron source with d-D, p-Li, and d-Li reactions. Meanwhile, the simulations of the detector response have been performed by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). In the LHD experiment, the first decay component of the pulse-height spectra in low-pulse-height region has been found to correspond to the signals induced by 2.45 MeV neutrons and gamma-rays. In addition, the high-pulse-height region has been confirmed by both the accelerator experiment and the PHITS calculation to correspond to the recoil-proton edge induced by triton burnup 14 MeV neutrons. The detection efficiency of 14 MeV neutrons for the Sci-Fi detector calculated by the PHITS code agrees well with the detection efficiency of 14 MeV neutrons for the Sci-Fi detector evaluated in the LHD experiment. The Sci-Fi detector can work as a standard detector for the 14 MeV neutron measurement with a suitable threshold.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP10015
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct

Keywords

  • Fast neutrons
  • Gas and liquid scintillators
  • Neutron detectors cold
  • Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics
  • Scintillation and light emission processes solid
  • Scintillators
  • Spectral responses
  • Thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Instrumentation

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