Evaluation of risk factors of vertebral fracture in Japanese female patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis

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Abstract

Background: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis and vertebral fracture are common complications in patients on glucocorticoid treatment for rheumatological diseases. The present study aimed to identify the risk factors of vertebral fracture in Japanese female patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Methods: This study included 225 Japanese women with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis and 72 patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. All participants were treated with bisphosphonate or denosumab for osteoporosis with active form of vitamin D for at least 3 years. The differences of clinical parameters, including age, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), and the dose and treatment duration of glucocorticoid were assessed between patients with and without vertebral fracture. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was also performed to evaluate the association of vertebral fracture with clinical parameters. Results: The significant differences related to age, BMD of the hip, disease duration, glucocorticoid treatment duration between patients with and without vertebral fractures were demonstrated. The present study indicated that disease duration, BMI, and the total hip BMD were independent risk factors for vertebral fractures in patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Conclusions: Prolonged disease duration, low BMI, and low total hip BMD could be risk factors of vertebral fracture in patients on glucocorticoid treatment for rheumatological diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number290
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 29

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Glucocorticoid
  • Osteoporosis
  • Rheumatological disease
  • Vertebral fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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