Evaluation of quality of life characteristics and grade of legal visual impairment

Shiho Kunimatsu, Satoshi Kato, Izumi Sumi, Mariko Kitazawa, Megumi Tamura, Asuka Mishima, Makiko Ochiai, Mieko Yanagisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible correlation between quality of life (QOL) characteristics and grades of legal visual impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quality of life characteristics associated with various causes of visual loss were investigated in 237 Japanese patients in the low-vision care clinic at Tokyo University Hospital, who had been issued the official ID and handbook for the physically handicapped. The main causes of vision loss were glaucoma (87 patients), macular degeneration (35) and diabetic retinopathy (34). Using a previously developed questionnaire, we assessed the correlation between the disability index (DI) as a quality of life characteristic, and the grade of legal visual impairment. RESULTS: Total DI was 1.24 +/- 0.43, showing a very significant correlation with Handicapped Handbook grades (r = -0.44, p < .0001). The correlation coefficients were -0.63 (p < 0.0001) for diabetic retinopathy, -0.50 (p = 0.002) for macular degeneration, and -0.16 (p = 0.14) for glaucoma patients. CONCLUSION: The needs of low-vision patients correlate with the grade of legal visual impairment and it is important to understand that the needs of low vision patients differ for each disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-458
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi
Volume111
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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