Evaluation of preosteoblast mc3t3-e1 cells cultured on a microporous titanium membrane fabricated using a precise mechanical punching process

Jingyu Zhang, Yukihiko Sakisaka, Hiroshi Ishihata, Kentaro Maruyama, Eiji Nemoto, Shigeki Chiba, Masaru Nagamine, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Satoru Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The surface topography of Titanium (Ti) combined toughness and biocompatibility affects the attachment and migration of cells. Limited information of morphological characteristics, formed by precise machining in micron order, is currently available on the Ti that could promote osteoconduction. In the present study, a pure Ti membrane was pierced with precise 25 µm square holes at 75 µm intervals and appear burrs at the edge of aperture. We defined the surface without burrs as the “Head side” and that with burrs as the “Tail side”. The effects of the machining microtopography on the proliferation and differentiation of the preosteoblasts (MC3T3-E1 cells) were investigated. The cells were more likely to migrate to, and accumulate in, the aperture of holes on the head side, but grew uniformly regardless of holes on the tail side. The topography on the both surfaces increased osteopontin gene expression levels. Osteocalcin expression levels were higher on the head side than one on the blank scaffold and tail side (p < 0.05). The osteocalcin protein expression levels were higher on the tail side than on the head side after 21 days of cultivation, and were comparable to the proportion of the calcified area (p < 0.05). These results demonstrate the capacity of a novel microporous Ti membrane fabricated using a precise mechanical punching process to promote cell proliferation and activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5288
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 2

Keywords

  • Calcification
  • Dentistry
  • MC3T3-E1 cell
  • Microporous titanium
  • Osteogenic differentiation
  • Titanium topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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