Evaluation of porosity in gas-atomized powder by synchrotron X-ray CT and investigation of the effect of gas species

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Abstract

The presence of pores in gas-atomized alloy powders induces a significant deterioration in the properties of the final product. However, there is no established technique to quantitatively analyze the porosity of gas-atomized powders. In this study, the pores in gas-atomized amorphous Fe76Si9B10P5 powder particles prepared under different atomization conditions were analyzed in detail using synchrotron radiation X-ray computed tomography. This technique allowed the detection of small pores with diameters below 10 μm. It also enabled the quantification of the porosity; thus, the pore diameter and volume ratio under different atomization conditions were determined. The volume ratio of the pores with the use of low-pressure Ar as the atomization gas was lower than that with the use of high-pressure Ar. The use of a low-pressure gas during spraying induced an increase in the diameter of the powder particles, thereby resulting in the presence of numerous irregular-shaped particles. The results of X-ray diffraction confirmed the partial precipitation of a crystalline phase with a decrease in the cooling rate. The use of 3 or 7% Ar-H2 mixtures as the atomization gas induced a decrease in the number and volume of pores, without affecting the particle size and cooling rate. The presence of H2 as a reducing gas suppressed the surface oxidation of the droplet during the atomization of the molten-metal stream, which allowed trapped gas bubbles to be efficiently removed before solidification. This study demonstrated that the total pore volume in a powder can be decreased using a H2-containing gas. The low cost and abundance of H2 could facilitate the use of this technique in various industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1549-1555
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Gas-atomized powder
  • Hydrogen
  • Porosity
  • Synchrotron X-ray analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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