Evaluation of on-board kV cone beam computed tomography-based dose calculation with deformable image registration using hounsfield unit modifications

Yusuke Onozato, Noriyuki Kadoya, Yukio Fujita, Kazuhiro Arai, Suguru Dobashi, Ken Takeda, Kazuma Kishi, Rei Umezawa, Haruo Matsushita, Keiichi Jingu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to estimate the accuracy of the dose calculation of On-Board Imager (Varian, Palo Alto, CA) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) with deformable image registration (DIR), using the multilevel-threshold (MLT) algorithm and histogram matching (HM) algorithm in pelvic radiation therapy. Methods and Materials One pelvis phantom and 10 patients with prostate cancer treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy were studied. To minimize the effect of organ deformation and different Hounsfield unit values between planning CT (PCT) and CBCT, we modified CBCT (mCBCT) with DIR by using the MLT (mCBCTMLT) and HM (mCBCT HM) algorithms. To evaluate the accuracy of the dose calculation, we compared dose differences in dosimetric parameters (mean dose [D mean], minimum dose [Dmin], and maximum dose [D max]) for planning target volume, rectum, and bladder between PCT (reference) and CBCTs or mCBCTs. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of organ deformation compared with DIR and rigid registration (RR). We determined whether dose differences between PCT and mCBCTs were significantly lower than in CBCT by using Student t test. Results For patients, the average dose differences in all dosimetric parameters of CBCT with DIR were smaller than those of CBCT with RR (eg, rectum; 0.54% for DIR vs 1.24% for RR). For the mCBCTs with DIR, the average dose differences in all dosimetric parameters were less than 1.0%. Conclusions We evaluated the accuracy of the dose calculation in CBCT, mCBCTMLT, and mCBCTHM with DIR for 10 patients. The results showed that dose differences in Dmean, Dmin, and Dmax in mCBCTs were within 1%, which were significantly better than those in CBCT, especially for the rectum (P<.05). Our results indicate that the mCBCTMLT and mCBCTHM can be useful for improving the dose calculation for adaptive radiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-423
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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