We compared the Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube 960 (MGIT 960) and Ogawa medium (OM) for the detection of mycobacteria (acid fast bacteria: AFB) using 882 sputum specimens. Overall, 120 strains of AFB were isolated by the MGIT 960 system and 99 strains of AFB were isolated by using OM. As far as Mycobacterium tuberculosis is concerned, 88 and 71 isolates were achieved by the MGIT 960 and OM respectively. A total of 28 isolates (18 isolates of M. tuberculosis and 10 isolates of nontuberculous mycobacteria: NTM) were detected by the MGIT 960 only whereas only 2 isolates (1 M. tuberculosis and 1 NTM) were detected by OM only. Of these sputum specimens, 72 were smear positive for AFB. The rates of smear negative but culture positive specimens were 8.0% (65 out of 809) for the MGIT 960 system and 6.2% (50 out of 809) for OM. The contamination rate for MGIT 960 was only 1.2%. The average time required for detection of M. tuberculosis was 14.1 days by the MGIT 960 system and 24.6 days by OM. For the NTM, the average detection time were 8.3 days for the MGIT 960 system and 22.8 days for OM. These results indicate that the MGIT 960 system allows detection of mycobacteria significantly faster than OM.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Feb|
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