Evaluation of long-term mechanical and biological biocompatibility of low-cost β-type Ti-Mn alloys for biomedical applications

Ken Cho, Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Pedro Femandes Santos, Alethea Morgane Liens, Masahiko Ikeda, Tomokazu Hattori

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To evaluate the long-term mechanical biocompatibility of Ti-Mn alloys, the microstructures, Young's moduli, and tensile and fatigue properties of the solutionized Ti-8Mn and Ti-13Mn were investigated. In addition, to evaluate the long-term biological biocompatibility of Ti-Mn alloys, the bone formability of the solutionized Ti-12Mn implant was evaluated by animal testing. The solutionized Ti-8Mn and Ti-13Mn consist of equiaxed β-grains with diameters of approximately 420 m and 430 μm, respectively. Moreover, the solutionized Ti-8Mn also contains an athermal co phase. The 0.2 % proof stress (00.2), tensile strength (OB), and elongation of the solutionized Ti-8Mn are 1148 MPa, 1184 MPa, and 2%, respectively. The 00.2 and OB decrease to 915 MPa and 953 MPa, respectively, and the elongation increases to 7% for the solutionized Ti-13Mn. The higher strength and significantly lower elongation of the solutionized Ti-8Mn are attributed to precipitation of an athermal co phase. The fatigue strength of the solutionized Ti-8Mn is comparable to that of the aged Ti-6A1-4V ELI in the low-cycle fatigue life region. The striation widths of the solutionized Ti-8Mn and Ti-13Mn are 2.4 m and 7.8 m, respectively. The smaller striation width of the solutionized Ti-8Mn indicates that the crack propagation rate in the solutionized Ti-8Mn is smaller than that in the solutionized Ti-13Mn. The relative bone contact ratio of the solutionized Ti-12Mn increases from 11% to 29% when the implant period increases from 12 to 52 weeks. The relative bone contact ratios of the solutionized Ti-12Mn implant and the commercially pure Ti implant are almost identical for all implantation periods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomaterials Science
Subtitle of host publicationProcessing, Properties and Applications V
EditorsSusmita Bose, Amit Bandyopadhyay, Roger Narayan
PublisherAmerican Ceramic Society
Pages3-12
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781119190028
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventNext Generation Biomaterials and Surface Properties of Biomaterials Symposia - Materials Science and Technology 2014 Conference, MS and T 2014 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: 2014 Oct 122014 Oct 16

Publication series

NameCeramic Transactions
Volume254
ISSN (Print)1042-1122

Other

OtherNext Generation Biomaterials and Surface Properties of Biomaterials Symposia - Materials Science and Technology 2014 Conference, MS and T 2014
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period14/10/1214/10/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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