Evaluation of electromechanical properties and conversion efficiency of piezoelectric nanocomposites with carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer electrodes for stress sensing and energy harvesting

Yaonan Yu, Fumio Narita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks are the future development direction for realizing an Internet of Things society and have been applied in bridges, buildings, spacecraft, and other areas. Nevertheless, with application expansion, the requirements for material performance also increase. Although the development of carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) to achieve these functions is challenging, it has attracted attention because of its excellent performance. This study combined the CFRP electrode with epoxy resin containing potassium sodium niobate piezoelectric nanoparticles and successfully polarized the composite sample. Furthermore, a three-point bending method was applied to compare the bending behavior of the samples. The peak output voltage produced by the maximum bending stress of 98.4 MPa was estimated to be 0.51 mV. Additionally, a conversion efficiency of 0.01546% was obtained. The results showed that the piezoelectric resin with CFRPs as the electrode exhibited stress self-inductance characteristics. This study is expected to be applied in manufacturing self-sensing piezoelectric resin/CFRP composite materials, paving the way for developing stable and efficient self-sensing structures and applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3184
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Bending test
  • Energy harvester
  • Laminated beam theory
  • Piezoelectric nanocomposites
  • Piezoelectricity
  • Stress sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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