Objectives: This study sought to evaluate adventitial vasa vasorum (VV) invivo with novel imaging technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: To verify OCT methods for quantification of VV, we first studied 2 swine carotid arteries in a model of focal angiogenesis by autologous blood injection, and compared microchannel volume (MCV) by OCT and VV by m-CT, and counts of those. In OCT images, adventitial MC was identified as signal-voiding areas which were located within 1mm from the lumen-intima border. After manually tracing microchannel areas and the boundaries of lumen-intima and media-adventitial in all slices, we reconstructed 3D images. Moreover, we performed with OCT imaging in 8 recipients referred for evaluation of cardiac allograft vasculopathy at 1 year after heart transplantation. MCV and plaque volume (PV) were assessed with 3D images in each 10-mm-segment. Results: In the animal study, among the 16 corresponding 1-mm-segments, there were significant correlations of count and volume between both the modalities (count r2=0.80, P<0.01; volume r2=0.50, P<0.01) and a good agreement with a systemic bias toward underestimation with m-CT. In the human study, there was a significant positive correlation between MCV and PV (segment number=24, r2=0.63, P<0.01). Conclusion: Our results suggest that evaluation of MCV with 3D OCT imaging might be a novel method to estimate the amount of adventitial VV invivo, and further has the potential to provide a pathophysiological insight into a role of the VV in allograft vasculopathy.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Mar 1|
- Cardiac allograft vasculopathy
- Optical coherence tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine