Purpose: To investigate the contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CNTNAP2) gene for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Japanese patients with the exfoliation syndrome (XFS). Methods: One hundred and eight unrelated Japanese patients with the XFS, and 199 normal controls were studied. Genomic DNA was extracted from the leukocytes of the peripheral blood, and 8 SNPs, rs826802, rs1404699, rs7803992, rs700308, rs4725736, rs2107856, rs2141388, and rs6970064, were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), directly sequenced, and genotyped. Results: The allele frequencies of rs1404699 (p=8.57XE-3, odds ratio (OR)=1.59, 95% confidential intervals (CI); 1,12- 2.24) and rs7803992 (p=5.43XE-4, OR=1.86, 95% CI; 1.31-2.65) were statistically significantly different between XFS and controls. In addition, there were significant differences in these genotype frequencies (p=0.0197 and 1.75XE-3). The allele and the genotype frequencies of rs2107856 and rs2141388, which were statistically significant SNPs in an earlier study, were not significantly different. Conclusions: The variants, rs1404699 and rs7803992, of CNTNAP2 should be associated with XFS in the Japanese population.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 May 31|
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