Evaluation and Analysis of Light Diffraction from One-dimensional Liquid Crystal Devices Using Pixel Pitches more than 1 µm

Junichi Shibasaki, Kenichi Aoshima, Shintaro Aso, Nobuhiko Funabashi, Takahiro Ishinabe, Yosei Shibata, Hideo Fujikake, Kenji Machida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compare the diffraction characteristics of ferroelectric (FLC) and nematic liquid crystal (NLC) devices with one-dimensional stripe patterns of 1–10 µm pixel pitches. The polarizing micrographs show pixel boundaries of black/white pixels blur as the pixel pitch becomes smaller. The blur of NLC is more remarkable than that of FLC. The first-order diffraction efficiency of NLC remains constant for the pixel pitch of 4–10 µm and sharply decreases for the pixel pitch of < 2 µm. By contrast, the FLC efficiency decreases with the pixel pitch decrease from 10 to 4 µm and remains constant for the pixel pitch of < 3 µm. The FLC efficiency (5.5%) is four times larger than that of NLC (1.4%) with a 1 µm pixel pitch. The Fourier transform calculation shows the efficiency degradation of FLC is caused by the blur at the pixel boundary, whereas that of NLC caused by the blur and contrast deterioration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-246
Number of pages7
JournalITE Transactions on Media Technology and Applications
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Diffraction Efficiency
  • Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal
  • Holographic Display
  • Narrow Pixel Pitch
  • Spatial Light Modulator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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