Somatosensory evoked fields (SEFs) to electrical stimulation on the right and left sides of the lower lip were measured using magnetoencephalography and compared in the bilateral hemispheres of 31 healthy normal young and 29 healthy normal elderly subjects to evaluate age-related change in lip somatosensation. The initial peak of the response around 13 ms, designated as N13m, and the second peak of the response, designated as P21m, were investigated. The N13m response, which was detected in 22 of 62 hemispheres in young adults and 37 of 58 hemispheres in elderly adults, showed significantly prolonged latency and increased equivalent current dipole (ECD) moment in the elderly adults. The P21m response, which was detected in 56 of 62 hemispheres in young adults and in 52 of 58 hemispheres in elderly adults, showed longer peak latency in the elderly adults. No significant difference was found in the ECD moment for P21m, which suggests that aging affected the SEFs of the lip somatosensation, but the effects of aging on N13m and P21m differed. Prolonged latency and increased ECD moment of N13m might result from decreased peripheral conduction and increased cortical excitation system associated with aging. Therefore, the initial response component might be an objective parameter for investigating change in lip function with age.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)