## Abstract

The dissipative behaviors under the Lorentz force and the thermal force are investigated for the same sample of QMG-YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{7-δ} by measuring the Ettingshausen and the Nernst effects, respectively, and compared with each other. The value of S_{φ}(T) obtained from the Nernst effect is found to be smaller than that obtained from the Ettingshausen effect, which suggests that the viscosity is not the same for the vortex motions under the Lorentz force and the thermal force. The QMG-YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{7-δ} always includes precipitates of Y_{2}BaCuO_{5} phase which are finely dispersed by an addition of Pt. In order to investigate the effect of Y_{2}BaCuO_{5} phase on the vortex motion, the Ettingshausen effect is also measured for the sample with 0.5 mass% Pt addition. The anisotropy of the dissipation under the thermal force is investigated by measuring the Nernst effect for the configurations; (1) H//c, (dT/dx)//ab, (2) H//ab, (dT/dx)//ab and (3) H//ab, (dT/dx)//c. For these vortex motions, viscosities are found to be in the ratio 30:1:100. The velocity of vortices is estimated from the Nernst field. Furthermore, using S_{φ}(T) the magnitude of viscosity is estimated to be 0.5-3×10^{-7} N s/m^{2} in the temperature range from 90 to 75 K and the magnetic field of 13 T parallel to the c-axis.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 351-358 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | Science Reports of the Rerearch Institutes Tohoku University Series A-Physics |

Volume | 42 |

Issue number | 2 |

Publication status | Published - 1996 May 1 |

## Keywords

- Ettingshausen effect
- Nernst effect
- Transport entropy of a vortex
- Vortex motion
- YBaCuO

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Metals and Alloys

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