Estimation of direct and maternal genetic and permanent environmental effects for weights from birth to 356 days of age in a herd of Japanese Black cattle using random regression

M. A. Aziz, S. Nishida, K. Suzuki, A. Nishida

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 11,815 weight records from 23,94 Japanese Black calves was used to estimate direct, maternal, direct permanent environmental, and maternal permanent environmental effects on growth from birth to 356 d of age. The data were collected from a herd of Japanese Black cattle in Shiroshi city, Miyagi prefecture, Japan. A random regression model, including parity of dam and year-season of calving-sex of calf as fixed effects and animal, dam, animal permanent environmental, and maternal permanent environmental as random effects, was fitted to the data using Legendre polynomials for age of calf. Direct heritability estimates increased from 0.38 at birth to 0.65 at 120 d of age, decreased to 0.38 at 300 d, and then increased again up to 0.47 at 356 d. The ratio of animal permanent environmental variance to phenotypic variance decreased from 0.41 at birth to 0.12 at 90 d, and then increased gradually up to 0.40 at 270 d and oscillated around this value up to the end of the test period. Maternal genetic heritabilities increased from 0.04 at birth to 0.09 at 120 d and then decreased to 0.06 thereafter, whereas the variance ratios due to maternal permanent environment were fairly constant across the age trajectory, fluctuating around the value of 0.03. Direct genetic, phenotypic, maternal genetic, animal permanent environmental, and maternal permanent environmental correlations between different ages were all positive, and they generally decreased as the interval between ages increased. These correlations were lower between weights from nonadjacent ages than those between weights from adjacent ages. Results suggest that selection on preweaning weights would have a positive effect on weights at later ages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-530
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Genetic Effects
  • Growth
  • Japanese Black Cattle
  • Random Regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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