Estimation of Area Collapsed in Mountainous Region by Spectral Reflectance: A Case of Identifying the Area Changed in Soil Water Content by Measuring Water Content in Tree Canopies

Daitaro Ishikawa, Takeshi Yuda, Shin Ichi Sekioka, Hiroki Hiyama, Etsuji Ishiguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focused on how to identify a disaster stricken area hit by localized heavy rains using the remote sensing data from trees grown there. It has been known that the condition of a plant reflects the soil water-content. There is a good possibility, therefore, that trees in the areas caught in a heavy downpour should show some observable change in the remote sensing data. The spectral responses of broad-leaf trees, Sudaji (Castanopsis cuspidate (Thunb) Schottky, var. sieboldii Nakai, sp. sudaji), were measured by a handheld spectroradiometer (400 nm to 1,000 nm at 3 nm intervals, IFOV with 3 degrees) at various water-stress levels. From this fundamental experiment, a couple of indices were found to be candidates; normalized differential vegetation index, NDVI and the ratio of reflectances in green and red regions, RIGR, which could represent the water-content. These results were confirmed using aerial photographs as well as video camera images. Images of a video camera with several band pass filters were analyzed of which two band pass filters, namely 660 nm and 750 nm, were usable. Indices were subsequently derived using the following equations, ND750 660=(R750-,R660)/(R750+R660). The concept of water-content fluctuation, WCF, representing the changes of water-content was introduced. WCF was derived by the following equation: WCF=[NDA-NDB]/NDB, where NDA and NDB represent the indices of the water-content of leaves. As the areas with lower WCF values collapsed after several weeks, it was confirmed this concept would be effective in estimating collapsed areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural Meteorology
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Crown of tree
  • Local heavy rain disaster
  • Spectral image
  • Spectral reflectance
  • Water-content fluctuation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science

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