Establishment and characterization of four myeloma cell lines which are responsive to interleukin-6 for their growth

Yoshiaki Okuno, Takayuki Takahashi, Akira Suzuki, Shigemoto Ichiba, Kishiko Nakamura, Manabu Fukumoto, Takamichi Okada, Hiromu Okada, Hiroo Imura

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four human myeloma cell lines (MM-S1, MM-Y1, MM-Y1 and MM-C1) were established from patients in the terminal stage of multiple myeloma. All the cell lines were PCA-1 positive and three were CD38 (OKT10) positive. The class of cytoplasmic immunoglobulin in each of these cell lines was identical to that of the monoclonal protein detected in each patient. Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen was negative in all cell lines. An examination of the tritiated thymidine uptake showed that all four cell lines proliferated in response to Interleukin-6 (IL-6), while MM-S1 also responded to IL-5. Immunological staining with an anti-IL-6 receptor monoclonal antibody revealed the presence of receptors for IL-6 on the cells from each cell line. Three of them formed colonies dependent on IL-6 in methylcellulose semi-solid culture. All four cell lines grew better when human plasma was added as a supplement to the culture in comparison to fetal calf serum. Northern blot analysis showed that the three cell lines tested did not express IL-6 messenger RNA. These results indicate that these four cell lines are responsive to IL-6, but not by an autocrine mechanism, at least in the three lines examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-591
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia
Volume5
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Okuno, Y., Takahashi, T., Suzuki, A., Ichiba, S., Nakamura, K., Fukumoto, M., Okada, T., Okada, H., & Imura, H. (1991). Establishment and characterization of four myeloma cell lines which are responsive to interleukin-6 for their growth. Leukemia, 5(7), 585-591.