We have recently demonstrated that cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) serves as a second messenger for glucose-induced insulin secretion (Takasawa, S., Nata, K., Yonekura, H., and Okamoto, H. (1993) Science 259, 370-373) and that human leukocyte antigen CD38 has both ADP-ribosyl cyclase and cADPR hydrolase activities (Takasawa, S., Tohgo, A., Noguchi, N., Koguma, T., Nata, K., Sugimoto, T., Yonekura, H., and Okamoto, H. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 26052- 26054). Although the amino acid sequence of Aplysia ADP-ribosyl cyclase exhibits a high degree of amino acid sequence identity with that of CD38, the Aplysia enzyme shows only ADP-ribosyl cyclase but not cADPR hydrolase. In the present study, we introduced site-directed mutations to CD38 and found that C119K- and/or C201E-CD38 exhibited only ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity. Furthermore, Aplysia ADP-ribosyl cyclase into which we introduced the mutations K95C and E176C, which correspond to residues 119 and 201 of human CD38, exhibited not only ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity but also cADPR hydrolase. These results indicate that cysteine residues 119 and 201 in CD38 have crucial roles in the synthesis and hydrolysis of cADPR.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Nov 18|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology