Escherichia coli bacteremia and endotoxemia were observed in 3 adult mongrel dogs which had been prediagnosed as canine parvoviral disease. The endotoxin level was 46.5 pg/ml in the plasma of clinical cases, while 2.3 pg/ml in healthy controls. The microflora of the feces was confused in the clinical cases. The percentage of E. coli was major in the feces. Serologically similar strains were isolated from the blood. These strains did not produce enterotoxins such as heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) and heat-labile enterotoxin (LT). Histopathologically, the lesions in the small intestine consisted of epithelial degeneration and necrosis. Viral inclusion bodies were frequently observed in the epithelial cells. Disseminated intravascular coagulation was observed in various tissues including the liver and small intestinal submucosa. After experimental infection with CPV, all dogs showed various clinical signs. CPV was positive in the feces. Endotoxin level in the plasma gradually increased and high level continued for long period from 10 to 30 days. Mean maximum level of endotoxin in the experimental dogs was 73.6 pg/ml. These results indicate that intestinal flora plays a important role in the pathogenesis of CPV infection and that endotoxin is one of the factors which predispose to severe disease after the infection.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Nippon juigaku zasshi. The Japanese journal of veterinary science|
|Publication status||Published - 1989 Jun|
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