Er:YAG and alexandrite laser radiation propagation in the root canal and its effect on bacteria

Helena Jelinkova, Tat'jana Dostalova, Jana Duskova, Mitsunobu Miyagi, Shigeru Shoji, Jan Sulc, Michal Nemec

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of the study was to verify differences between the alexandrite and Er:YAG laser energy distribution in the root canal and in the surrounding dentin and bone tissues. For the experiment, two lasers were prepared: the Er:YAG laser (λ=2.94 μm) with a delivery system fluorocarbon polymer-coated silver hollow glass waveguide ended by a special sapphire tip and the alexandrite laser (λ=0.75 μm) with a silicon fiber. The Er:YAG laser was operated in a free-running mode, the length of the generated pulses was 250 μsec and the output energy ranged from 100 to 350 mJ. The pulse length of the free-running alexandrite laser was 70 μsec and the output energy was ranged from 80 up to 200 mJ. For the experiment prepared root canals of molars were used. It was ascertained that the radiation of the alexandrite laser passes through the root canal and hits the surrounding tissue. Nocardia asteroides, Filaments, Microccocus albus, Lactobacillus sp and Streptococcus sanguis colonies were treated by the Er:YAG or alexandrite laser radiation. The surface was checked by scanning electron microscopy. From the result it follows that the Er:YAG laser destroyed microbial colonies but the difference is in the depth of the affected area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3593
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1
EventProceedings of the 1999 Lasers in Dentistry V - San Jose, CA, USA
Duration: 1999 Jan 241999 Jan 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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