Error rate analysis of differentially encoded and detected 16 APS K under Rician Fading

Fumiyuki Adachi

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29 Citations (Scopus)


A theoretical analysis of bit error rate (BER) is presented for the differential detection of differentially encoded 16-level amplitude/phase shift keying (16DAPSK) under Rician fading in the presence of Rayleigh faded co-channel interference (CCI) and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN). Differential detection comprises eight-level differential phase detection (DPD) and two-level amplitude ratio detection (ARD). Exact expressions for probability distributions of differential phase noise and amplitude ratio are derived for the BER calculation. The calculated BER performance of 16DAPSK is presented for various values of Rician fading K factor, Doppler spread of diffused component, and Doppler shift of the specular component, and is compared with that of 4-16DPSK. It is shown that 16DAPSK is superior to 16DPSK and requires 1.7 (1.6) dB less Eb/N0 (SIR) at BER = 10 3 in Rician channels with K = 5 dB. >

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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